MMO2861 - Possible late prehistoric or Roman enclosure on Staddon Hill (Monument)

Summary

Subtle cropmarks visible on aerial photographs of 1985 may be forming over the remains of an enclosure of possible later prehistoric or Roman date, possibly a bank defined rectangular enclosure with an external ditch and possible annexe.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Subtle cropmarks visible on aerial photographs of 1985 may be forming over the remains of an enclosure of possible later prehistoric or Roman date on the north facing slopes of Staddon Hill, centred on circa SS 87693799. The cropmarks have been interpreted as revealing the plan of a bank defined rectangular enclosure measuring approximately 200 by 120 metres in size, with an internal area of circa 2.3 hectares. An external ditch and possible annexe may also be visible on the southern side of the enclosure and a north to south internal subdivision may also be visible. The function of the enclosure is unclear. It is situated well below the summit of Staddon Hill, at an elevation of between 345 and 325 metres and a strictly defensive or military role may therefore be unlikely. However, the rectangular plan is atypical of Exmoor's later prehistoric hillslope enclosures and its size unusually large for farmstead settlements of the same period. Perhaps the regular form of the enclosure is suggestive of a settlement of Romano-British influence. However, it must be considered possible that the cropmarks are simply showing over field patterns of a much later, perhaps medieval or earlier post-medieval date. [1,2] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. ENPA JAS 85042 036-8 (29 August 1985).
  • <2>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 83 NE. MD002192. [Mapped feature: #32794 ]
  • <3> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1485229, Extant 21 September 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8770 3798 (229m by 173m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS83NE
Civil Parish WINSFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 NE138
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1485229

Record last edited

Sep 21 2021 5:45PM

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