MMO2848 - (Monument)

Summary

A water-meadow of probable 19th century date, of a type known as a catch-work or field gutter system, is visible on aerial photographs as earthworks associated with Larcombe Farm. Such water-meadows are typically found on combe or hill slopes and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the slope via a series of roughly parallel channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow from gutter to gutter, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of the March and April. The water-meadow is visible covering an area of circa 3 hectares to the north-west and south of the farm, along the south-facing slopes above Larcombe Brook.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A water-meadow of probable 19th century date, of a type known as a catch-work or field gutter system, is visible on aerial photographs as earthworks associated with Larcombe Farm, centred on circa SS 87573874. Such water-meadows are typically found on combe or hill slopes and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the slope via a series of roughly parallel channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow from gutter to gutter, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of the March and April. This system consists of 6 gutters on the south-facing slopes above Larcombe Brook, covering an area of circa 3 hectares to the north-west and south of the farm. (1-4)

Sources/Archives (5)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73109 1065-6 29-AP-1973.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 3275-6 11-APR-1947.
  • --- Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. p 28-9: Cook. H. & Williamson, T. (2007) Introducing Water Meadows, in Water Meadows; History, Ecolo.
  • --- Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. p 1,4: Taylor, C. (2007) The Archaeology of Water Meadows, in Water Meadows; History, Ecology and Co.
  • --- Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 83 NE. MD002192.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8749 3880 (472m by 214m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS83NE
Civil Parish CUTCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1485116

Record last edited

Jan 21 2011 2:11PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.