MMO2836 - Post-medieval water meadow west of West Nethercote (Monument)

Summary

A possible water meadow water channel, known as a gutter, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs. It may be evidence for a simple intergrated system associated with the farmyard at West Nethercote.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A possible water meadow water channel, known as a gutter, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs to the west of West Nethercote, centred on circa SS 8724 3617. Such water meadows, of a type known as a catchwork or field gutter system, are usually found on combe or hill slopes and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the slope via a series of roughly parallel channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow from gutter to gutter, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of the March and April. This gutter was probably supplied by a spring fed stream that rises to the north of East Nethercote, but may also be evidence for a simple intergrated system associated with the farmyard at West Nethercote. In such systems the water was passed through the farmyard to produce liquid manure which was subsequently distributed to the slopes. The system can be seen in operation on aerial photographs of 1947. [1-2] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 4351-2 (11 April 1947).
  • <2>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 83 NE. MD002192. [Mapped feature: #32815 ]
  • <3> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1485023, Extant 22 September 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8723 3618 (211m by 34m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS83NE
Civil Parish WINSFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 83 NE113
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1485023

Record last edited

Sep 22 2021 2:13PM

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