MMO2727 - Post-medieval water meadow south of Whitefield Lodge (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. This appears to have been a detached system that only distributed water to the fields.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in fields south of Whitefield Lodge, Brayford. Centred at approximately SS 7039 3562, four gutters can be seen following the contours of a fairly steep southwest facing slope above a stream marked "Holewater" on the Ordnance Survey 1:10000 map. The gutters extend across two fields, a total area of approximately 1.5 hectares. Several springs and small streams are visible at the eastern end of the system, which may have supplied flowing water to the meadow. This system does not appear to be connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/96559 77-78 (7 May 1996).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. Various. Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) . 1:10000 2004.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NW. MD002189. [Mapped feature: #43602 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7037 3565 (258m by 169m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS73NW
Civil Parish BRAYFORD, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NW67
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1484149

Record last edited

Sep 2 2020 3:20PM

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