MMO2721 - Post-medieval water meadow south of Muxworthy Cottage (Monument)

Summary

A post medieval water meadow system is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in fields. This system does not appear to be connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

The remains of a possible post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, are visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks in fields south of Muxworthy Cottage, Brayford. Centred at approximately SS 7102 3749, two parallel gutters are visible, following the contours of a fairly steep south facing slope above Foxhole Combe. The gutters extend across two extant fields, and cover an area of approximately 3 hectares. There is no indication that this system was connected to any local farmyards, suggesting that this was a detached system which only distributed water to the fields and not liquid manure or other fertilisers. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to prevent freezing in winter and encourage early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-3] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 4440-41 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NW. MD002189. [Mapped feature: #33189 ]
  • <4> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1484131, Extant 30 November 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7104 3747 (412m by 118m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS73NW
Civil Parish BRAYFORD, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NW61
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1484131

Record last edited

Nov 30 2021 2:18PM

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