MMO2714 - 19th Century drainage system east of Setta Barrow (Monument)

Summary

An area of regular post-medieval drainage ditches is visible on aerial photographs on moorland east of Setta Barrow. They were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at agricultural improvement, probably around 1845. Many of the ditches are associated with areas of peat cutting.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

An area of regular post medieval drainage ditches is visible on aerial photographs on moorland east of Setta Barrow, Exmoor. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at agricultural improvement, probably around 1845. Centred at approximately SS 7294 3779, the ditches mostly run approximately north to south across an east facing slope above an unnamed tributary of the River Barle. It appears that the ditches were designed to channel water into this stream. The ditches are much less regular than others seen in the area, and cover an area of approximately 18 hectares. They appear to stop at the county boundary visible to the south. According to Orwin, many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but in some areas failed to provide adequate drainage for the land to be enclosed [2]. Large areas of Exmoor were successfully drained however, and it is possible that this area was drained and used for grazing. Other similar ditches are visible in the surrounding areas, some draining into natural streams and water courses, others appearing to drain into specially constructed leats and channels. Many of the ditches are associated with areas of peat cutting. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73087 622-23 (17 April 1973).
  • <2> Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. 32-33.
  • <3> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 73 NW. MD002189.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7300 3783 (474m by 655m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS73NW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 73 NW54
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1483656

Record last edited

Mar 18 2019 4:31PM

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