MMO2497 - 19th Century drainage system on Swap Hill (Monument)

Summary

Post-medieval ditches are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs forming a small drainage system. They were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement, with the construction of Larkbarrow Farm around 1850.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Post-medieval ditches are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs forming a small drainage system of across the north facing slopes of Swap Hill, Exmoor parish, at circa SS 8169 4237. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's efforts to improve the pasture and were probably associated with the construction of Larkbarrow Farm around 1850. Many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement. These drains have previously been mis-recorded by as part of the Larkbarrow field gutter water meadow immediately to the north. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 3195-6 (13 May 1946).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. ENPA JAS 85041 098-9 (29 August 1985).
  • <3> Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. 32-3.
  • <4> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184.
  • <5> Report: Riley, H.. 2017. Agricultural Reclamation at Larkbarrow Farm, Exmoor. Exmoor Mires Partnership ELB17 Project Report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8172 4237 (115m by 151m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW246
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1477946

Record last edited

May 22 2017 11:16AM

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