MMO2497 - 19th Century drainage system on Swap Hill (Monument)

Summary

Post-medieval ditches are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs forming a small drainage system. They were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's attempt at improvement, with the construction of Larkbarrow Farm around 1850.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Post-medieval ditches are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs forming a small drainage system of across the north facing slopes of Swap Hill, Exmoor parish, at circa SS 8169 4237. The ditches were most likely cut as part of the Knight family's efforts to improve the pasture and were probably associated with the construction of Larkbarrow Farm around 1850. Many miles of drainage ditches were cut across parts of Exmoor, but did not address the underlying issue of compacted ironpan soils and failed to provide adequate drainage for improvement. These drains have previously been misrecorded by as part of the Larkbarrow field gutter water meadow immediately to the north. [1-4] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [6]

Sources/Archives (6)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 3195-6 (13 May 1946).
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. ENPA JAS 85041 098-9 (29 August 1985).
  • <3> Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. 32-3.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184. [Mapped feature: #43440 ]
  • <5> Report: Riley, H.. 2017. Agricultural Reclamation at Larkbarrow Farm, Exmoor. Exmoor Mires Partnership ELB17 Project Report.
  • <6> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1477946, Extant 20 July 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8172 4237 (115m by 151m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW246
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1477946

Record last edited

Jul 20 2021 11:06AM

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