MMO2493 - Contour leat or headmain on East Pinford Hill (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
A water channel known as a contour leat or headmain is visible as an earthwork ditch centred on circa SS 80264239, descending East Pinford hill from an elevation of almost 400 metres above Ordnance Datum to approximately 350 metres above Ordnance Datum, over 1.3 kilometres. The headmain tapped an unnamed tributary to Long Combe at circa SS 802419 and possibly acted as a simple water meadow of a type known as a catchwork or field-gutter system. On Exmoor these are typically nineteenth century in date and are usually found on combe or hill slopes. They are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the slope via one or more of channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of the March and April. [1,2]
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 540/931 (F20) 3109-3110 08-NOV-1952.
- <2> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 543/2821 (F65) 166-7 27-APR-1964.
- <3> SMO7567 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 8004 4248 (566m by 968m) (Aerial Survey)|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (0)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1477940 (Original Monarch entry: 1477940)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW243
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1477940
Record last edited
Mar 26 2018 10:37AM
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