MMO2455 - Peat Cutting, West of Wellshead Plantation (Monument)

Summary

An area of peat cutting potentially of medieval to twentieth century date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The peat cuttings or turbaries, known locally as turfs, extend for over two hectares approximately 250 metres to the south of Larkbarrow Corner.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

An area of peat cutting of possible medieval to twentieth century date can be seen as numerous irregularly shaped pits and disturbed ground on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards, centred on circa SS 82344125, approximately 250 metres to the south of Larkbarrow Corner. The identifiable pits vary in shape and size, but most are less than 5 metres across. It is probable that much larger but shallower pits are also to be found in this area, but due to the difficult nature of the evidence on aerial photographs, the transcription attempts only to convey the area and general character of the excavations, and should be taken only as indicative of the extent of individual pits. The heyday of peat cutting on Exmoor was probably in the first half of the nineteenth century, although small scale cutting probably continued well into the twentieth century. (1-3) A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. NMR RAF 106G/UK/1501 (F20) 3068-9. 13/05/1946.
  • <2> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF 543/2821 (F64) 162-3. 27/04/1964.
  • <3> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184.
  • <4> Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8232 4126 (325m by 150m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish EXFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1477786

Record last edited

Aug 18 2015 3:03PM

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