MMO2425 - Possible water meadow northwest of Pitsworthy Farm (Monument)

Summary

A narrow ditch visible on aerial photographs of the 1940s is possibly a water channel of a type known as a leat or gutter, which potentially functioned as a simple water meadow of probable 19th century date.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A ditch visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs to the north-west of Pitsworthy Farm is probably a water channel of a type known as a leat or field gutter, probably forming a simple water meadow of 19th century date. The earthwork is visible for approximately 107 metres centred on circa SS 83594031, and may have been fed by further, not visible channels tapping Greenland Water to the north-east. Such catchwork systems are usually found on steep combe or hillsides and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the valley sides via one or more channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of March and April. [1]

Sources/Archives (2)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR RAF CPE/UK/1980 (F20) 4162-3 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SW. MD002184.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8359 4032 (98m by 25m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS84SW
Civil Parish EXFORD, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SW198
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1477432

Record last edited

Oct 29 2014 12:39PM

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