MMO2349 - (Monument)

Summary

A post medieval gutter or leat is visible on aerial photographs as a slight earthwork in a field north west of Duredon Farm, Exmoor. It resembles the ditches seen in the local water meadow systems, known as catchwater meadows, but its precise function is not certain. It most likely dates to the post medieval period, probably the mid 19th century and is almost certainly related to the Knight family's land improvement activities in this area.

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Type and Period (2)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post medieval gutter or leat is visible on aerial photographs as a slight earthwork in a field north west of Duredon Farm, Exmoor. Centred at approximately SS 7543 4026, the gutter runs approximately east-west for 145 metres, curving slightly to the north and following the line of the 400 metre contour. It resembles the ditches seen in the local water meadow systems, known as catchwater meadows, which used a series of approximately parallel gutters located on a slope to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow, thus preventing freezing in winter and encouraging early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. The gutter most likely dates to the post medieval period, probably the mid 19th century and is almost certainly related to the Knight family's land improvement activities in this area; however its precise function remains uncertain (1-3).

Sources/Archives (4)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/95025 069-70 12-MAR-1995.
  • --- Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. Cook, H. and Williamson, T. 2007 "Water Meadows; History, Ecology and Conservation" Cheshire, Windga.
  • --- Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. Orwin, C.S. 1929 "The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest" London, Oxford University Press page(s) 55.
  • --- Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7546 4027 (134m by 79m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SE
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1475800

Record last edited

Mar 26 2018 10:34AM

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