MMO2349 - Post-medieval leat northwest of Duredon Farm (Monument)

Summary

A probable 19th Century gutter or leat is visible on aerial photographs as a slight earthwork and may represent a catchwater meadow, but its precise function is not certain.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval gutter or leat is visible on aerial photographs as a slight earthwork in a field northwest of Duredon Farm, Exmoor. Centred at approximately SS 7543 4026, the gutter runs approximately east to west for 145 metres, curving slightly to the north and following the line of the 400 metre contour. It resembles the ditches seen in the local water meadow systems, known as catchwater meadows, which used a series of approximately parallel gutters located on a slope to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow, thus preventing freezing in winter and encouraging early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. The gutter most likely dates to the post medieval period, probably the mid 19th Century and is almost certainly related to the Knight family's land improvement activities in this area; however its precise function remains uncertain. [1-4] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [5]

Sources/Archives (5)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/95025 069-70 (12 March 1995).
  • <2> Monograph: Orwin, C.S.. 1929. The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest. Oxford University Press. 1st Edition. p 55.
  • <3> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. pp 1-7, 28-9.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183. [Mapped feature: #32972 ]
  • <5> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1475800, Extant 14 June 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7546 4027 (134m by 79m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS74SE
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SE198
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1475800

Record last edited

Jun 14 2021 10:06PM

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