MMO2348 - (Monument)

Summary

A post medieval leat or field gutter is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork in a field south of Duredon Farm, Exmoor. It may have been part of an integrated water meadow system at Duredon Farm, which transported water and manure from the farmyard to the field, in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. Duredon Farm was constructed by the Knight family during the mid-19th century; an agent employed by the family was known as an expert in irrigation and water meadows, and it seems likely that the system at Duredon was constructed around the same time.

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Type and Period (3)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post medieval leat or field gutter is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork in a field south of Duredon Farm, Exmoor. Beginning at approximately SS 7558 4011, the gutter runs approximately north south for approximatel 10 metres, before connecting with a gutter running approximately east-west. This horizontal gutter measures approximately 160 metres long. It seems likely that the gutters were part of an integrated water meadow system at Duredon Farm, which transported water and manure from the farmyard to the field, in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. Duredon Farm was constructed by the Knight family during the mid-19th century; an agent employed by the family was known as an expert in irrigation and water meadows, and it seems likely that the system at Duredon was constructed around the same time (1-3).

Sources/Archives (4)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/95026 069-70 12-MAR-1995.
  • --- Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. Cook, H. and Williamson, T. 2007 "Water Meadows; History, Ecology and Conservation" Cheshire, Windga.
  • --- Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. Orwin, C.S. 1929 "The Reclamation of Exmoor Forest" London, Oxford University Press, page(s) 55.
  • --- Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SE. MD002183.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7563 4010 (159m by 48m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74SE
Civil Parish EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1475792

Record last edited

Mar 21 2018 1:24PM

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