MMO2258 - Medieval or later peat cutting pits west of Dunkery Beacon (Monument)

Summary

Peat cutting pits, or turbaries, of possible medieval to modern date are visible on aerial photographs as an area of disturbed ground and shallow subrectangular and curvilinear earthwork pits.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

Peat cutting pits, or turbaries, of possible medieval to modern date are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs to the west of Dunkery Beacon, Cutcombe parish, at circa SS 8848 4146. The cuttings can be seen throughout an area of disturbed ground approximately 2.6 hectares in area. They vary from barely visible individual shallow square or circular pits 1 to 2 metres across, to larger irregularly shaped sub-rectangular and curvilinear cuttings, up to 50 metres or more long, reflecting the cumulative nature of the peat extraction. Peat cutting on Exmoor possibly reached its peak in the first half of the 19th Century but continued on a small scale into the 20th Century. [1-3] A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/73109 954-5 (29 April 1973).
  • <2> Monograph: Burton, R.A.. 1989. The Heritage of Exmoor. Roger A. Burton. P. 72, 232-3.
  • <3> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SE. MD002185.
  • <4> Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 8847 4145 (283m by 186m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS84SE
Civil Parish CUTCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SE136
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1473117

Record last edited

Jun 29 2016 1:43PM

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