MMO2177 - North Twitchen Farm, Challacombe (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
SS 7008 4138. One of two short lengths of bank noted on aerial photographs north of Old Close. The other is recorded under MDE20798. [1,2] SS 69991 41313. The earthwork remains of a farmstead of post-medieval date lie to the north of Twitchen Farm. The earthworks comprise a building platform, hollow ways and boundaries.  A series of earthworks representing the remains of field boundaries, lynchets and two hollow ways are visible on aerial photographs in fields around Twitchen Farm, Challacombe. At SS 6989 4135, a substantial lynchets is visible, measuring 75 metres long and up to 6 metres wide. To the east of this lynchet, at SS 7007 4138, the remains of several low field boundaries can be seen, dividing the extant field into four smaller enclosures. In the southeastern corner of these enclosures, two small building platforms can be seen, at SS 7011 4134 and SS 7013 4134. The northernmost of the two hollow ways at SS 7004 4133 measures approximately 105 metres long and 6 metres wide. It runs roughly east to west before fading out into a large and uneven oval depression, in which several small mounds are visible. It may have originally continued further downslope towards Yarbury Combe, following a similar alignment as the lynchet described above. The second hollow way is substantially longer, running east tto west from SS 7007 4131 to SS 6987 4131 and measuring approximately 195 metres long by 4 metres wide. At the eastern end, the hollow way appears to connect with a narrow track leading to Twitchen Farm. A ruined building is visible at SS 6999 4131. It appears roughly rectangular, measuring 13 by 7 metres. There are indications of an entranceway on the south side. This feature is marked on a map on the owner's website as "old settlement." According to documentary sources, Twitchen Farm was originally two settlements, known as North and South Twitchen, both of which were owned in the 18th Century by the Fortescue family. According to the current owner, the field in which the features can be seen was previously known as North Twitchen; during the 20th Century the field was divided into two by her father, and renamed. It seems likely that these features represent the remains of North Twitchen. It is not clear whether Twitchen is a medieval or post-medieval settlement; however, the earliest reference to North Twitchen in the Devon Record Office indicates it was certainly in existence by 1721. [4-10] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/CPE/UK/1980.3146 (April 1947).
- <2> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS7041B.
- <3> SEM8630 Verbal communication: Various. 1993-. Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Team staff comments. R Wilson-North, ENPA field visit, 22 September 2000.
- <4> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/95026 005-006 (12 March 1995).
- <5> SEM6703 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
- <6> SMO5308 Verbal communication: Various. Various. Oral Information. Ms Helen Asher, communication by email, 3 March 2008.
- <7> SMO7338 Website: Toms, K.T.. World Wide Web page. The National Archives 2008, Access to Archives http://www.a2a.org.uk/default.asp (viewed 8 May 2008).
- <8> SMO7338 Website: Toms, K.T.. World Wide Web page. Helen Asher, 2002, "Twitchen Farm", http://www.twitchen.co.uk (viewed 8 May 2008, now removed).
- <9> SMO4069 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Oblique Aerial Photograph. NMR SS 7041/2 (21109/06) (9 February 2001).
- <10>XY SMO7565 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 SW. MD002182. [Mapped feature: #32898 ]
- <11> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1470796, Extant 15 November 2021.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7000 4137 (307m by 152m) Aerial Survey|
|Civil Parish||CHALLACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1470796 (Pastscape entry: 1470796)
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 15158
- Devon SMR: 18158
- Devon SMR: SS74SW/74
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MEM3
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 SW208
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1470796
Record last edited
Nov 15 2021 3:54PM
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