MMO2120 - Post-medieval water meadow northeast of Higher Holwell (Monument)

Summary

A possible post-medieval water meadow is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A probable post-medieval leat or water channel is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork in a field south of the A39, Parracombe. The leat, which is centred at approximately SS 6711 4420 on a fairly gentle north facing slope, runs approximately east to west for about 190 metres. Its form and position suggest it may represent the remains of a water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, which used a series of approximately parallel gutters located on a slope to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow. This prevented freezing in winter and encouraged early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. A small spring shown on the modern Ordnance Survey 1:10000 map may have provided water for the system. Most catchwater meadows are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 4090-91 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey. 2004. 1:10000, 2004. 1:10,000.
  • <3> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 SE. MD002181. [Mapped feature: #37883 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6711 4420 (202m by 29m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS64SE
Civil Parish PARRACOMBE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SE131
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1468924

Record last edited

May 1 2019 5:02PM

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