MMO2073 - Possible post-medieval water meadow west of Higher Week Farm (Monument)

Summary

A probable post medieval leat or water channel is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork. It most likely represents the remains of a catchwater meadow, which may have been connected to the farmyard at Higher Week.

Please read the .

Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A probable post-medieval leat or water channel is visible on aerial photographs as an earthwork in a field to the west of Higher Week farm, Kentisbury. Centred at approximately SS 6284 4317, the leat runs approximately east to west along the contours of a west facing slope for approximately 50 metres. It measures up to 1.5 metres wide. This leat most likely represents the remains of a water meadow system (known locally as a catchwater meadow) which used a series of approximately parallel gutters to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow. This prevented the ground freezing in winter and encouraged early growth in spring, thereby providing extra feed for livestock. It is not clear whether this gutter was ever connected to the farmyard at Higher Week, but it may well have been an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser to the fields. Several other ditches and leats in the area may have been part of the same system. [1-3] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3100-01 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 SW. MD002180. [Mapped feature: #42049 ]
  • <4> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1468247, Extant 15 November 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6284 4317 (56m by 18m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS64SW
Civil Parish KENTISBURY, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SW90
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1468247

Record last edited

Nov 15 2021 10:30PM

Feedback?

Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.