MMO1988 - 19th Century water meadow north of Kibsworthy Farm (Monument)

Summary

Evidence of a catchwork or field-gutter system. Although the channels cannot be seen on the aerial photographs, characteristic flushes of water descending the combe side indicate the presence of a gutter close to the field boundary.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Evidence for a 19th century water meadow of a type known locally as a catchwork or field-gutter system may be visible on aerial photographs, to the north of Kibsworthy Farm, Lynton and Lynmouth parish, centred on circa SS 71304830. Catchwork systems are usually found on steep combe sides and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the valley sides via one or more channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of the March and April. The use of a series of parallel gutters to improve the coverage is a common feature of Exmoor systems; single gutter systems such as this are more unusual. Although a channel themselves cannot be seen on the aerial photographs, and has therefore not been transcribed, characteristic flushes of water descending the combe side indicate the presence of a gutter close to the field boundary. The gutter was probably fed by a well immediately to the north, marked on the First Edition Ordnance Survey map at circa SS 71304837. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/95026 021-22 12-MAR-1995.
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <3> Externally held archive reference: Externally held archive. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <4> Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NW. MD002173.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7131 4828 (20m by 161m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74NW
Civil Parish LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NW193
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1466151

Record last edited

May 20 2013 12:47PM

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