MMO1892 - 19th Century water meadow south of South Stock Farm (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
A post-medieval water meadow of a type known locally as a catchwork or catch-meadow system was constructed on the west facing slopes above the West Lyn River, to the south and west of South Stock Farm, with which it is probably associated. Catchwork systems are usually found on steep combe sides and are designed to irrigate pasture by diverting water from a spring or stream along the valley sides via a series of channels or gutters. When irrigation was required the gutters were blocked, causing water to overflow, thereby irrigating the slopes. This film of water prevented the ground freezing during the winter and raised the temperature of the grass in the spring, thereby encouraging early growth, particularly important during the hungry gap of the March and April. Any excess water then returned to the feeder stream at the valley bottom or was removed by a tail drain. The use of a series of parallel gutters to improve the coverage, as seen here, is a common feature of Exmoor systems. This system may be an example of an `integrated system', where the water is passed though the farmstead to pick up manure and subsequently distribute this liquid fertaliser on the slopes. Although the systems in neighbouring farms seem to have passed out of use, this example can be seen in operation on aerial photographs of April 1972. [1-4] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. 
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1655 (F20) 3071-2 (11 July 1946).
- <2> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72065 190-191 (15 April 1972).
- <3> SEM7396 Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
- <4>XY SMO7556 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NW. MD002173. [Mapped feature: #33060 ]
- <5> SEM7987 Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 1464948, Extant 16 December 2021.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7188 4584 (108m by 221m) Aerial Survey|
|Civil Parish||LYNTON AND LYNMOUTH, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (6)
- Related to: 19th Century water meadow east of South Radsbury (Monument) (MMO1899)
- Related to: 19th Century water meadow north of North Furzehill Farm (Monument) (MMO1888)
- Related to: 19th Century water meadow northwest of North Furzehill Farm (Monument) (MMO1891)
- Related to: 19th Century water meadow northwest of South Sparhanger (Monument) (MMO1900)
- Related to: 19th Century water meadow south of South Cheriton Farm (Monument) (MMO351)
- Related to: Earthworks south of South Stock Farm (Monument) (MDE20269)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1464948 (Original Monarch entry: 1464948)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 74 NW117
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1464948
Record last edited
Dec 16 2021 2:51PM
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