MMO1799 - Post-medieval water meadow system at Kittitoe Farm (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval catchwater meadow system is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. It may have been connected to the farmyard at Kittitoe, suggesting that this was an integrated system.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow system, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the north and west of Kittitoe Farm, Martinhoe. Centred at SS 6607 4688, at least eight gutters are visible, stretching across both sides of a steep north-west facing combe annd following the contours of the slope. The gutters vary in length from 60 to 150 metres, and in width from less than 1 metre to 3 metres. Catchwater meadows used a series of approximately parallel gutters on a slope to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent the ground freezing in winter. This system may have been connected to the farmyard at Kittitoe, suggesting that this was an integrated system which also distributed liquid manure as fertiliser across the field. Most catchwater systems are believed to date to the post-medieval period, although it is possible that they were first developed in the medieval period. [1-3]

Sources/Archives (3)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. NMR OS/72065 155 (15 April 1972).
  • <2> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <3>XY Archive: Exmoor National Park National Mapping Programme: SS 64 NE. MD002172. [Mapped feature: #35212 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6614 4690 (362m by 271m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS64NE
Civil Parish MARTINHOE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 NE87
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1462731

Record last edited

Sep 30 2020 2:37PM

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