MMO1732 - Post-medieval water meadow northwest of Higher Cowley Farm (Monument)

Summary

A post medieval water meadow system is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks. This system appears to be connected to the farmyard at Higher Cowley, suggesting that this was an integrated system.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible on aerial photographs as a series of earthworks to the northwest of Higher Cowley Farm. Centred at SS 6361 4526, at least four ditches are visible stretching across a single steep northeast facing field. They range in length from approximately between 120 to 200 metres. Immediately to the north of this system is a wooded area marked "Cowley Meadow Wood" on the Ordnance Survey 1st Edition, which suggests that this field was in use as a water meadow prior to the publication of the map. The roughly parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. This system appears to be connected to the farmyard at Higher Cowley, suggesting that this was an integrated system, which also distributed liquid manure across the fields as fertiliser. The gutters were probably fed by a spring to the north east of Higher Cowley at SS 6373 4522, and drained into Dean Water to the west. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 3303 (14 May 1946).
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1901. County Series; 1st Edition 25 Inch Map. 1:2500. 1889.
  • <3> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 NW. MD002171. [Mapped feature: #33292 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6355 4525 (288m by 167m) Aerial Survey
Map sheet SS64NW
Civil Parish KENTISBURY, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 NW53
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 1461380

Record last edited

Oct 12 2021 11:00AM

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