MMO1645 - Post-medieval water meadow southwest of Manor Wood (Monument)
Please read the caveat document.
Type and Period (1)
A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs to the southwest of Manor Wood. Three ditches, known as gutters are visible, centred at SS 8000 4917 on a steep northfacing slope. They vary in length from between 130 metres to 40 metres, and may have been fed from a spring marked on the Ordnance Survey 1:10560 map  approximately 150 metres to the southeast. This series of parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. There is no evidence that this system was connected to a local farmyard, indicating that this was probably a detached system, with no access to liquid manure or other fertiliser except what was carried out to it. In 1947 the area is beginning to revert to scrub vegetation, suggesting that the construction of this meadow may have been part of a failed 19th Century land improvement project. [1-4]
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3036 (11 April 1947).
- <2> SEM7608 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1963. 6 Inch Map: 1963.
- <3> SEM7396 Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
- <4>XY SMO7551 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NE. MD002168. [Mapped feature: #42858 ]
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7999 4916 (167m by 149m) (Aerial Survey)|
|Civil Parish||OARE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (1)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1460521 (Pastscape entry: 1460521)
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 NW83
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1460521
Record last edited
Jan 6 2021 9:48AM
Your feedback is welcome. If you can provide any new information about this record, please contact us.