MMO1645 - Post-medieval water meadow southwest of Manor Wood (Monument)

Summary

A post-medieval catchwater meadow is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs. There is no evidence that this system was connected to a local farmyard, indicating that this was probably a detached system.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

Full Description

A post-medieval water meadow system, known locally as a catchwater meadow, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs to the southwest of Manor Wood. Three ditches, known as gutters are visible, centred at SS 8000 4917 on a steep northfacing slope. They vary in length from between 130 metres to 40 metres, and may have been fed from a spring marked on the Ordnance Survey 1:10560 map [2] approximately 150 metres to the southeast. This series of parallel gutters were used to distribute flowing water evenly over the surface of the meadow in order to encourage early growth in spring and prevent freezing in winter. There is no evidence that this system was connected to a local farmyard, indicating that this was probably a detached system, with no access to liquid manure or other fertiliser except what was carried out to it. In 1947 the area is beginning to revert to scrub vegetation, suggesting that the construction of this meadow may have been part of a failed 19th Century land improvement project. [1-4]

Sources/Archives (4)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF CPE/UK/1980 3036 (11 April 1947).
  • <2> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1963. 6 Inch Map: 1963.
  • <3> Monograph: Cook, H. + Williamson, T.. 2007. Water Meadows: History, Ecology and Conservation. Windgather Press. 1st Edition. 1-7, 28-9.
  • <4>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 74 NE. MD002168. [Mapped feature: #42858 ]

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 7999 4916 (167m by 149m) (Aerial Survey)
Map sheet SS74NE
Civil Parish OARE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Events/Activities (1)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 NW83
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1460521

Record last edited

Jan 6 2021 9:48AM

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