MEM22680 - Post-medieval peat cutting on The Chains (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
The Historic Environment Officer for the Exmoor Mires Project undertook a non-intrustive walkover survey of the proposed mire restoration area on The Chains, which included this site. Noted was a hollow, 25 metres long, 20 metres wide and 1.5 metres deep which is an area of peat cutting. An enclosure bank of early 19th Century date runs across it, indicating the peat cutting is of an earlier, probably pre-Knight, post-medieval date.  A large scale metric survey of the Pinkworthy (or Pinkery) Pond environs was undertaken by Hazel Riley in 2012 as part of the Exmoor Mires Project. A hollow was seen, measuring 25 metres north-south, 20 metres east-west and 1.5 metres deep, which lies to the southwest of Pinkworthy (or Pinkery) Pond. This is interpreted as an area of peat cutting. An enclosure bank (Mires reference ECH12(129)) runs over it, indicating a date in the post-medieval period before the later part of the 19th Century. Peat cutting on the Forest and Commons of Exmoor dates from at least the 13th Century , but these remains probably date from the post-medieval period.  A study of the archaeology and history of peat exploitation on Exmoor’s moorlands provides additional background on the practice and sites. 
- <1> SEM8055 Report: Bray, L.. The Chains walkover survey.
- <2> SEM8056 Report: Riley, H.. 2012. Metric survey of Pinkery pond and its environs. 23.
- <3> SEM7410 Monograph: MacDermot, E.T.. 1911. The History of the Forest of Exmoor. Barnicott and Pearce, The Wessex Press. 90.
- <4> SEM8135 Report: Riley, H.. 2014. Turf Cutting on Exmoor: An archaeological and historical study - project report.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 7217 4223 (27m by 35m)|
|Civil Parish||EXMOOR, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (2)
External Links (0)
- Mires Feature Reference (Monument): ECH12(123)
Record last edited
Aug 18 2015 3:12PM
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