MDE9014 - Post-medieval inclosure allotment on Holdstone Down (Monument)
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Type and Period (2)
Part of a rectangular enclosure and the remains of two buildings were seen on aerial photographs dating from 1946 and 1978 north of Holdstone Farm. [1-3] A plot, corresponding with one of the 1870s Parliamentary Inclosure strips, exists on the southwestern side of Holdstone Down at SS 6141 4755. It is defined by low stony banks 0.5 metres high and 1.2 metres wide. The interior of the plot is largely featureless except for its northeastern corner. Here, a well-defined platform survives, which measures 17 metres by 8 metres with a revetment or stony scarp 1.3 metres high on its downslope side. A central break in the scarp is occupied by a ruinous flight of stone steps. On the upslope side of the platform an irregular hollow has been cut into the hillside. This is probably largely a quarry for the platform itself. Other feature include a small yard on the downslope side of the platform and a number of hollows to the west, possibly associated with water supply or sanitation. A second enclosure of similar type exists on the northern slopes of Holdstone Down (see MDE9015). Surveyed at 1:2500. [4,5] A post-medieval building is visible as a platform and associated earthworks on aerial photographs on the western side of Holdstone Down. At least five sides of the structure are visible in the northeastern corner of a boundary which is depicted on the modern Ordnance Survey map. The structure appears to consist of at least two cells, possibly connected by means of the ruined staircase referred to by the above authority, measuring 16 metres long by 20 metres wide and aligned northeast. It seems likely that this structure is related to the 1870s phase of Enclosure, and possibly represents a settlement which was never completed. Neither the enclosure nor the structure are depicted on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map. [6-8]
- <1> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS6147b.
- <2> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1655.1381 (July 1946).
- <3> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. MAM/2656 (June 1978).
- <4> SMO7329 Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 9 July 1993.
- <5> SMO4804 Survey: Holdstone Down/ink survey . 1:2500. General: Permatrace. Pen and Ink.
- <6> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1501.4425-26 (13 May 1946).
- <7> SEM6705 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1896. County Series, First Edition 6 Inch Map. 1:10560. 1890.
- <8> SMO7554 Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 NW. MD002171.
|Grid reference||Centred SS 6142 4755 (135m by 130m)|
|Civil Parish||COMBE MARTIN, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (2)
- http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=873221 (Original Monarch entry: 873221)
- https://heritagerecords.nationaltrust.org.uk/HBSMR/MonRecord.aspx?uid=MNA107759 (National Trust HER entry: MNA107759)
- Devon SMR (Devonshire): SS64NW/21
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 17903
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 60598
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 60606
- Devon SMR: SS64NW/25/2
- Devon SMR: SS64NW/25/3
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20517
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE21664
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO292
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 NW45
- National Park
- National Trust HER Record: MNA107759
- Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 873221
Record last edited
Aug 17 2020 12:07PM
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