MDE20539 - Medieval or post-medieval enclosure west of Higher Mannacott (Monument)
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Type and Period (1)
- None recorded
A fairly substantial curving bank to the east of Mill Cliff Wood was noted on aerial photographs, centred at SS 6587 4794. [1,2] A curving bank of post-medieval origin 3 metres wide and up to 1 metre high. Located on the downhill western side, it cuts across a projecting hillspur in an area of improved pasture which is now reverting to bracken and furze. No survey action.  An enclosure, possibly dating to the medieval or post-medieval period, is visible on aerial photographs as a curved bank to the east of Mill Cliff Wood. The enclosure, which is roughly circular and aligned east to west, is situated on a east projecting hillspur and appears to enclose the summit of this hillspur. The curved bank described above is the western end of the enclosure, which on aerial photographs can be seen to continue around to the east meeting in a point at SS 6592 4796. The enclosure measures approximately 140 metres across and encloses an area of 0.7 hectares. The unusual irregular shape of the enclosure suggests it may be a tree ring or stock enclosure. It is not depicted on the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map, suggesting that it was abandoned prior to this date. [4-6] The Devon HER recorded a separate record (UID SS64NE/40 or 17926) for a separate group of regular banks forming incomplete fields at SS 659 478, recorded by McDonnell from aerial photographs. The photograph transcription shows these are sited just to the east of the bank mentioned above, apparently joining with it at their northernmost ends . During the RCHME survey visit, Sainsbury stated "SS 6604 4792. This area is improved pasture on a NE projecting hillspur now partly covered with scrub and bracken. There are no traces of these banks apart from the bank [that recorded above] some 200 metres to the west. There is also no evidence of a field system" . The aerial transcription of this field system  places it just to the east of the bank mentioned above, and is in the same location and approximate shape transcribed by the NMP for the enclosure mentioned above . It therefore appears that the "field system" may be the same feature as the enclosure. It is not therefore clear if the original curving bank transcribed by McDonnell has been incorporated by the NMP into the "enclosure" or if this is a separate feature. [2,6,7] Not depicted on Martinhoe Tithe Map  but appears from the Lidar  to be a continuation of the field system to the east and presumably went out of use before the mid 19th century.
- <1> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF/106G/UK/1655.3188-89 (July 1946).
- <2> SEM7406 Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS6547D.
- <3> SMO7324 Unpublished document: Sainsbury, I.S.S. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 8 June 1993.
- <4> SMO4068 Aerial photograph: Various. Various. Vertical Aerial Photograph. RAF 106G/UK/1501 4369-70 (13 May 1946).
- <5> SEM6705 Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1896. County Series, First Edition 6 Inch Map. 1:10560. 1889.
- <6>XY SMO7555 Archive: Exmoor National Park National Mapping Programme: SS 64 NE. MD002172. [Mapped feature: #46775 ]
- <7> SEM8630 Verbal communication: Various. 1993-. Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Team staff comments. Catherine Dove, 28 October 2020.
- <8> SEM7573 Map: 1842. Martinhoe Tithe Map and Apportionment.
- <9> SEM340797 Cartographic materials: Environment Agency. 2010. LiDAR (DTM or DSM).
|Grid reference||Centred SS 6599 4790 (191m by 149m) With reference to SEM7406, SS6547D|
|Civil Parish||MARTINHOE, NORTH DEVON, DEVON|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Events/Activities (1)
External Links (2)
- https://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=914934 (Pastscape entry: 914934)
- https://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=915555 (Pastscape entry: 915555)
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 17925
- Devon SMR Monument ID: 17926
- Devon SMR: SS64NE/39
- Devon SMR: SS64NE/40
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE11167
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE11235
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20540
- Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO314
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 NE20
- National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 NE63
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 914934
- NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 915555
Record last edited
Aug 16 2021 5:03PM
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