MDE11665 - Medieval lynchet north of Lower Lane Cottage (Monument)

Summary

A lynchet scarp visible on the ground in 1993 appeared as a field boundary on historic mapping. The possible remains of another could be seen to the northeast.

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Type and Period (1)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Parchmarked low banks forming group of regular rectangles, possibly field drains. The visibility of the earthworks is very good on the 1947 aerial photograph. [1,2] At SS 6231 4480 are the remains of a rectangular field system. These features are not visible on the ground, although a lynchet scarp may be the last surviving earthwork remnant of the system. The field in which the national grid reference falls is improved pasture and is generally southwest facing, although its southern side falls quite steeply southwards towards a stream. On the crest of this valley slope the natural rock is close to the surface and outcrops in places. It is possible that this natural outcropping has been utilised for field clearance of surface stone. The pronounced southwest facing lynchet, which is 0.5 metres high, runs north-north-west to south-south-east across the field. The feature is shown as an existing field boundary in 1890 [3]. To the northeast are the possible last vestiges of another lynchet scarp 0.3 metres high. [2-4] The remains of a rectangular field system are visible on air photos as earthworks to the north of Long Lane Cottage, Combe Martin. Centred at approximately SS 6230 4487, the boundary runs approximately southeast to north for 165 metres. The field boundary is slightly curved, resembling the strip field boundaries seen at Parracombe and Martinhoe to the northeast. The features are likely to date to the medieval or post-medieval period. [5,6] This record was enhanced as part of the National Record of the Historic Environment to Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record data transfer project. [7]

Sources/Archives (7)

  • <1> Aerial photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 -1948. Vertical Aerial Photography. RAF/CPE/UK/1980 4098 (April 1947).
  • <2> Unpublished document: McDonnell, R.. 1980. Gazetteer of Sites in the Exmoor National Park Identified through Aerial Photography. SS6244b.
  • <3> Map: Ordnance Survey. 1868-1896. County Series, First Edition 6 Inch Map. 1:10560. 1890.
  • <4> Unpublished document: Wilson-North, R.. Various. Field Investigators Comments. RCHME Field Investigation, 11 February 1993.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: Meridian Air Maps. 1977-1978. Infrared False Colour Aerial Photography. 76046 146 (26 June 1976).
  • <6>XY Archive: 2007-2009. Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 64 SW. MD002180. [Mapped feature: #38709 ]
  • <7> Digital archive: Historic England. Various. National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) entry. 925779, Extant 8 November 2021.

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred SS 6232 4487 (69m by 169m)
Map sheet SS64SW
Civil Parish COMBE MARTIN, NORTH DEVON, DEVON

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (2)

External Links (1)

Other Statuses/References

  • Devon SMR (Devonshire): SS64SW/40
  • Devon SMR Monument ID: 17957
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MDE20703
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO335
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 64 SW31
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • NRHE HOB UID (Pastscape): 925779

Record last edited

Nov 8 2021 5:13PM

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