Scheduled Monument: Round barrow 800yds (730m) SW of Dunkery Beacon (1006232)

Authority Department for Culture, Media and Sport
Other Ref SO 47
Date assigned 10 December 1929
Date last amended 23 July 2015
Date revoked
Summary of Monument Round cairn. Reasons for Designation Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of Exmoor monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period, examples including stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (barrows or cairns). Round cairns are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as rubble mounds which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries, and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 barrows or cairns, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor, with many of these found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge. Individual cairns and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their longevity as a monument type can provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation the round cairn south west of Dunkery Beacon will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context. History See Details. Details This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 23 July 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. This monument includes a round cairn situated on the south western slopes of the prominent hill Dunkery Beacon just below the crest of Dunkery Ridge and forms part of a round cairn cemetery concentrated along this ridge. The cairn survives as a roughly circular stony mound up to 6.7m in diameter and 0.7m high. An early partial excavation trench cuts across from the south east side to a central hollow. Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity some are scheduled separately but others are not included because they have not been formally assessed. Selected Sources Other PastScape Monument No:-35985 National Grid Reference: SS 88592 41151

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Grid reference Centred SS 8859 4115 (30m by 30m)
Map sheet SS84SE

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