Historic Environment Record images

MSO9415 - Butter Cross, Dunster

ENPHER Number:MSO9415
Name:Butter Cross, Dunster
Type of Record:Building
Grid Reference:SS 9881 4387
Parish:DUNSTER, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record caveat document.

Summary

A 15th Century wayside cross, comprising a shaft in a square socket stone on a modern plinth, standing on a raised knoll. It bears the inscription "WC,1871,SW" which probably records a restoration.

Images

Butter Cross, Dunster  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross, Dunster © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross, Dunster  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross, Dunster © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the east, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the east, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the north, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the north, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the south, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the south, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the west, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Butter Cross from the west, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Monument Types

  • WAYSIDE CROSS (AD 14th Century to Modern - 1375 AD? to 2050 AD (Possible))

Designated Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1014409: Butter Cross at Dunster
  • Listed Building (II*) 1345602: BUTTER CROSS
  • Conservation Area: Dunster Conservation Area

Description

Late 14th\early 15th century wayside cross. Stump with polygonal shaft in square socket on base of two octagonal steps. Scheduled Ancient Monument (Somerset County No 190). [1]

Name SS 98904388] Butter Cross [NAT]. [2]

Butter Cross, a wayside cross stands on a bank by the side of the road leading to Gallox. It consists of a simple socket and part of a shaft of the ordinary 15th century type (see Illustration). [3]

Butter Cross formerly stood near the south end of the High Street (SS99174367). [4]

Scheduled. [5]

The cross is as illustrated by Pooley. [6]

Additional bibliography. [8]

The scheduled monument includes a medieval wayside cross shaft in its square socket stone standing on a modern plinth. The whole stands on a raised knoll by the roadside to the north west of the town of Dunster. The knoll, which is included in the scheduling, stands circa 1.5 metres above the surrounding land. The simple socket and shaft is of 15th century type. The socket stone bears the inscription "WC,1871,SW" which probably records a restoration. The cross stands at the junction of four tracks within view of the church and is indicative of a wayside cross leading people towards the church. It is Listed Grade II* and is in the care of the Secretary of State. [9?]

Scheduling affirmed with new national number on 18 March 1996, was Somerset 190. [10]

The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 0. [11]

The site is included within Dunster's Conservation Area. The 2002 Character Appraisal states that another Scheduled Monument "in a wayside position beyond the village limits is a late 14th-early 15th century former market cross consisting of polygonal shaft on the base of two octagonal steps. It was probably moved from its original site near the junction of High Street, Castle Hill and West Street in about 1820." [12]

The building was visited in April 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 6. [13]

The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 0. [14]


<1> 4/8/1983, Twenty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. District of West Somerset (Somerset) (Index). SSO691.


<2> Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) , 6 inch / 1928-38 (Map). SMO5112.


<3> Pooley, C, 1877, Old Stone Crosses of Somerset, 154 (Monograph). SSO1792.


<4> Eardley-Wilmot, H., 1981, Worksheet in Devon HER, Ordnance Survey. 1902. Object Name Book, 32 (Unpublished document). SMO5301.


<5> Eardley-Wilmot, H., 1981, Worksheet in Devon HER, Ministry of Works. 1961. List Ancient Monuments of England and Wales, 83 (Unpublished document). SMO5301.


<6> Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comments, 26 May 1965 (Unpublished document). SMO5103.


<7> Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) , 1:10000 / 1972 (Map). SMO5112.


<8> Snell, F. J., 1906, Memorials of Old Somerset, 122, 133-4 (Monograph). SEM7757.


<9> English Heritage, 30.5.1996, English Heritage to Somerset County Council (Unpublished document). SSO1152.


<10> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission, Field Monument Warden Report (Report). SSO1247.


<11> Bray, L.S., 2010, Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park (Report). SEM7402.


<12> Fisher, J., 2002, Dunster Conservation Area Character Appraisal, p20 (Unpublished document). SEM7910.


<13> Lawrence, G., 2014, Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13 (Report). SEM8060.


<14> Gent, T. and Manning, P., 2015, Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015 - Draft (Report). SEM8278.

Other References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 26/4/86
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11990
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO12124
  • Guardianship Monument
  • Guardianship Number: 193
  • Listed Building List Entry UID: 264719
  • Local List Status (No)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE9
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36872
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 34620
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34987
Date Last Edited:Dec 9 2015 10:13AM

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