Historic Environment Record images

MSO9409 - Gallox Packhorse Bridge, Dunster

ENPHER Number:MSO9409
Name:Gallox Packhorse Bridge, Dunster
Type of Record:Building
Grid Reference:SS 9895 4322
Parish:DUNSTER, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record caveat document.

Summary

A packhorse bridge spanning the River Avill on the southern outskirts of Dunster. It is possibly of 15th century date, and has two slightly pointed arches with double arch rings. The bridge leads to a causeway skirting a ford on the north side.

Images

Gallox Bridge from the east, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gallox Bridge from the east, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gallox Bridge from the southeast, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gallox Bridge from the southeast, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gallox Bridge from the southwest, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gallox Bridge from the southwest, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gallox packhorse bridge  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Gallox packhorse bridge © Exmoor National Park Authority

Monument Types

  • PACKHORSE BRIDGE (AD 15th Century to Modern - 1401 AD? to 2050 AD (Unclassified))

Designated Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1014410: Gallox Bridge
  • Listed Building (I) 1296207: GALLOX BRIDGE
  • Conservation Area: Dunster Conservation Area

Description

[SS 9895 4321] Gallox Bridge [NR]. [1]

Gallox Bridge, Dunster, on the River Avill, is a packhorse bridge with two slightly pointed arches and a roadway width of approximately 3 feet 3 inches. [2]

Scheduled. [3]

The bridge is as described above (8). [4]

Gallox Bridge, Grade I, Park Street. Possibly 15th century, narrow stone packhorse bridge. Possibly 15th century. Narrow stone packhorse bridge on two arches, central cutwater to west side. Stone parapets, parapet on one side bordering the approach footpath. (For full description see list.). [5]

Additional bibliography. [6]

A packhorse bridge which spans the River Avill on the southern outskirts of Dunster. It has a roadway width of 1.2 metres, a total width of 1.9 metres amd is 13.5 metres long. It has two arches which are slightly pointed and have double arch rings. The bridge leads to a causeway skirting a ford on the north side. It is still used as a public footbridge, and is a survivor of the simple type of stone bridge to be found in the West Country and elsewhere. It is reputed to be of 15th century date. The bridge is Scheduled and Listed Grade I. It is in the care of the Secretary of State. [7?]

Bridge length 10.5 metres and 1.2 metres wide. The two arches are slightly pointed and have double arch rings. Each side has four narrow chamfered ribs. There is a cut-water on the upstream side only. The bridge leads to a causeway skirting a ford on the north side. [9]

Scheduled area revised with new national number on 28 June 1996, was Somerset 149. [10]

The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a survival score of 0. [11]

The bridge is included within Dunster's Conservation Area. [12]

The building was visited in September 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 6. [13]

The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 8. [14]


<1> Ordnance Survey Map (Scale / Date) , 6 inch / 1928-38 (Map). SMO5112.


<2> Thompson, W.H., 1934, Somerset Regional Survey, 57 (Monograph). SSO1953.


<3> Ministry of Works, 1961, List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales, P. 84 (Index). SEM7745.


<4> Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comments, 26 May 1965 (Unpublished document). SMO5103.


<5> 4/8/1983, Twenty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. District of West Somerset (Somerset) (Index). SSO691.


<6> Jervoise, E., 1930, The Ancient Bridges of the South of England, P. 114 (Monograph). SMO5764.


<7> English Heritage, 4.7.1996, English Heritage to Somerset County Council (Unpublished document). SSO1155.


<8> GALLOX BRIDGE - POSSIBLE 15TH CENTURY PACKHORSE BRIDGE AT DUNSTER, FROM NORTH EAST (Photograph). SMO1232.


<9> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission, Field Monument Warden Report (Report). SSO1247.


<10> Scheduled Monument Notification , 28 June 1996 (Index). SMO4073.


<11> Bray, L.S., 2010, Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park (Report). SEM7402.


<12> Fisher, J., 2002, Dunster Conservation Area Character Appraisal, p19 (Unpublished document). SEM7910.


<13> Lawrence, G., 2014, Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13 (Report). SEM8060.


<14> Gent, T. and Manning, P., 2015, Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015 - Draft (Report). SEM8278.

Related Pages

Other References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 26/4/73
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11991
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO12110
  • Guardianship Monument
  • Guardianship Number: 194
  • Listed Building List Entry UID: 264705
  • Local List Status (No)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE3
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36854
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 34621
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34973
Date Last Edited:Sep 29 2016 12:51PM

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