Historic Environment Record images

MSO9185 - Bronze Age barrow and cairn, Rowbarrow Group

ENPHER Number:MSO9185
Name:Bronze Age barrow and cairn, Rowbarrow Group
Type of Record:Monument
Grid Reference:SS 874 414
Parish:CUTCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET
LUCCOMBE, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

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Summary

A well preserved Bronze Age ring barrow and round cairn with two small, probably modern cairns have been constructed on the top. The ring barrow measures 22.9 metres in diameter with an enclosing bank.

Images

Western cairn from the east, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western cairn from the east, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western cairn from the north, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western cairn from the north, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western cairn from the south, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western cairn from the south, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western cairn from the west, 2009  © Exmoor National Park Authority

Western cairn from the west, 2009 © Exmoor National Park Authority

Monument Types

  • RING BARROW (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 701 BC (Possible))
  • ROUND CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 701 BC (Possible))

Designated Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1003677: Group of four barrows and cairns known as 'Rowbarrows' including Great Rowbarrow and Little Rowbarrow

Description

(SS 87414147 & SS 87464146) Tumuli (NR). [1]

Two barrows, 143 feet apart from centre to centre. The first is a disc-barrow, a slight mound surrounded by a nearly circular bank 58 feet in diameter at the crest and 72 feet at the foot of the bank. Indications of an inner ditch. The second barrow east of the first is a cairn of stones much mutilated. No indication of a ditch. Diameter circa 56 feet. [2]

Scheduled. [3]

Cutcombe 1; SS 87414147, 24 paces across and 1.5 feet high, apparently a saucer barrow.
Cutcombe 2; SS 87464146, 17 paces across and 4.5 feet high. Cairn with modern stone heap, much dug away from west and southwest. [4]

The feature listed by Grinsell as Cutcombe 1 appears to be a saucer barrow [20,21]. The other feature is a disturbed cairn. Published 1.2500 survey revised. [5]

onr or two of the rwobarrows examined incompletely. [6,7]

SS 87414147. Cutcombe 1. Apparently a saucer barrow comprising a central mound 32 feet in diameter and 1 foot 6 inches high, enclosed by ditch circa 8ft. wide and outer bank circa 12 ft. wide. The ditch is circa 9 inches deep externally and bank c 9 inches high. Described in error by [2] as a disc barrow.
SS 87464146. Cutcombe 2. Cairn surmounted by modern stone heap, listed as [4]. Possibly called White Barrow (see also MSO11326). Both visited by Grinsell 25 May 1958. [8]

(SS 87414147) Tumulus (NR)
(SS 87464146) Cairn (NR) [9]

Additional Bibliography. [10]

A ring barrow and a round cairn situated in a prominent position on a rounded hilltop at 510 metres above sea level; part of the linear Rowbarrow group (MSO9183 & MSO9184).
SS 8741 4147. An impressive and well preserved ring barrow 22.9 metres in overall diameter with a slightly off centre saucer shaped mound and a slightly subcircular enclosing bank. The mound is 12.7 metres in diameter, 0.3 metres high with a shallow depression in its top where a few random largish stones are evident. The back which apparently gently slopes from south to north varies in width from 2.8 metres on the lower side to 5.2 metres on the upper side. Its height is on average 0.6 metres externally and 0.4 metres internally. The ditch noted by an earlier authority is a misinterpretation of the junction of the edge of the mound and the inner scarp of the bank. The barrow is a variation on the south west cairn platform with rim bank.
SS 8745 4146. This heavily disturbed cairn, lying 8.0 metres southeast of the barrow, measures from 14.3 metres to 16.0 metres across and has a maximum height of 1.4 metres. It appears to be mostly composed of small stone although a few larger boulders are visible. The southwest side has been dug away and no traces of kerbing are evident in the exposed sides. Two small, probably modern, cairns have been constructed on its top.
Shallow amorphous quarry pits, presumably a source of barrow material,lie between the mounds. No further information was gained on the name "White Barrow". It is not noted on the maps of Day and Masters (1782) or Greenwood (1822). Visible on aerial photographs. [11-13]

A well preserved ring barrow and a round cairn, forming part of the Rowbarrow group, are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs, to the west of Dunkery Beacon, centred on circa SS 8742 4147 and SS 8746 4146 resprectively.
The diameter of the ring barrow outer enclosing bank measures approximately 20 metres at the outer edge, the inner mound almost 10 metres in diameter. The cairn lies 28 metres south east of the barrow and is almost 10 metres in diameter.
Numerous small and shallow quarries, which might be the source of the building material for the monuments, are visible between the mounds. [15-19]

In very good condition, completely heather covered. [22]

(Barrow) Ring effect most marked. Some loose stones in centre. Scheduled as AM 48a. [23]

(Cairn) Scheduled as AM 48b. Other mounds nearby. [28]

The Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment of 2009 gave the site a score of 3. [29]

'White Barrow' is shown on Cutcombe Tithe Map further west at approximately SS87004144 (MSO11326) [30]

The site was surveyed in April 2015 as part of the 2015 Exmoor Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment. It was given a survival score of 3. [31]


<1> Ordnance Survey, 1962, 6 Inch Map: 1962 (Map). SEM7220.


<2> Gray, H.St.G., 1932, Rude stone monuments of Exmoor (Somerset Portion): Part IV, 120-122 (Article in serial). SSO1200.


<3> Ministry of Works, 1961, List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales, 81 (Index). SEM7745.


<4> Grinsell, L V, 1969, Somerset barrows, part 1, 29 (Article in serial). SSO1220.


<5> PITCHER, GHP, Field Investigators Comments, RCHME Field Investigation, 21 June 1965 (Unpublished document). SMO7319.


<6> Barrister, A., 1811, A Tour in Quest of Geneology, through several parts of Wales, Somersetshire, and Wiltshire, 136-8 (Monograph). SEM7688.


<7> Collinson, J., 1791 (2006), The History and Antiquities of Somerset, Part 2 (1839), 125 (Monograph). SEM7229.


<8> L V Grinsell, 1953, The ancient burial-mounds of England , 138 (Monograph). SMO5068.


<9> Ordnance Survey, 1978, 1:10,000 Map, 1978 (Map). SSO1446.


<10> Horne, E, 1929, Ancient Monuments in Somerset, 95 (Article in serial). SEM7747.


<11> Vertical Aerial Photograph, OS 73 109 952-3 (29 April 1973) (Aerial photograph). SMO4068.


<12> Vertical Aerial Photograph, NMR SS8741 1 1088-9 (20 April 1982) (Aerial photograph). SMO4068.


<13> Fletcher, M.J., Field Investigators Comments, RCHME Field Investigation, 7 March 1987 (Unpublished document). SMO7308.


<14> Cairn and saucer barrow at SS 84 SE 10/ink survey (Survey). SMO5438.


<15> Vertical Aerial Photograph, RAF CPE/UK/1980 F20 4273-4 (11 April 1947) (Aerial photograph). SMO4068.


<16> Vertical Aerial Photograph, RAF 543/2821 F64 153-4 (27 April 1964) (Aerial photograph). SMO4068.


<17> RCHME: Exmoor Pilot Survey, SS 84 SE, Somerset (Collection). SMO6274.


<18> 2007-2009, Exmoor National Park NMP: SS 84 SE (Archive). SMO7568.


<19> Oblique Aerial Photograph, SS 8741/9 (15450/19) (15 May 1996) (Aerial photograph). SMO4069.


<20> SAUCER BARROW AT CUTCOMBE/LUCCOMBE FROM EAST (Photograph). SMO1373.


<21> SAUCER BARROW AT CUTCOMBE/LUCCOMBE FROM EAST (Photograph). SMO1372.


<22> Oral Information or Staff Comments, National Trust archaeologist visit, July 1976 (Verbal communication). SMO5308.


<23> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission, Field Monument Warden Report (Report). SSO1247.


<24> Western Archaeological Trust, 1980s, Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey, 8741 (Survey). SSO708.


<25> April 1947, LHL CPE/UK/1980, 4169 (Aerial photograph). SSO289.


<26> September 19, HSL.UK.71-177 Run 87, 8625 (Aerial photograph). SSO248.


<27> 10/1/1989, DAP LD24, 25 (Aerial photograph). SSO110.


<28> Oral Information or Staff Comments, E Dennison, Somerset County Council, 26 June 1984 (Verbal communication). SMO5308.


<29> Bray, L.S., 2010, Scheduled Monument Condition Assessment 2009, Exmoor National Park (Report). SEM7402.


<30> 1842, Cutcombe Tithe Map and Apportionment (Map). SSO95.


<31> Gent, T. and Manning, P., 2015, Exmoor National Park Scheduled Monument Condition Survey 2015 - Draft (Report). SEM8278.

Other References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO145
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11152
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11325
  • Local List Status (No)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 84 SE10
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 35972
  • Scheduled Monument (County Number): SOMER 48a & SOMER 48b
  • Site of Special Scientific Interest
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33793
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33482
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33681
Date Last Edited:Oct 27 2015 2:29PM

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