Historic Environment Record images

MSO8844 - Enclosure on southern bank of River Haddeo

ENPHER Number:MSO8844
Name:Enclosure on southern bank of River Haddeo
Type of Record:Monument
Grid Reference:SS 9435 2729

Please read the Exmoor National Park Historic Environment Record caveat document.


A possible enclosure, of unknown date and function, may only be part of a water management system visible on aerial photographs.

Monument Types

Designated Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1003031: Earthworks W of Bury


On level ground on the southern bank of the River Haddeo at SS 94332731 are the remains of a rectilinear enclosure bounded by a bank and outer ditch. The southeast corner is quite well preserved but much mutilation has been caused to the remainder by the construction of modern hedges and by deliberate slighting of the bank. The northern side is now bounded by the river, but there may once have been a bank that has been eroded away. There are two gaps, in the east side and near the south-west corner, but neither is a clearly defined entrance. The siting of the earthwork does not suggest a defensive purpose; its function and date are obscure. Its plan and situation are similar to a recently discovered enclosure near Banwell, ST 35 NE. Surveyed at 1:2500. [1, 6 & 7]

SS 944274. Earthworks west of Bury. Scheduled, Somerset 343. (Listed under 'Other Secular Sites & Buildings). [2]

The `enclosure', referred to by the previous authorities, is visible on aerial photographs. The two `sides', are defined by banks which measure 60 metres and 40 metres. These banks do not have the appearance of an enclosure and resemble semi-natural or drainage features, related to the river. A number of drains are visible in the interior of the enclosure. Two banks are also visible to the south of the supposed enclosure which have the appearance of belonging to a water management system. The features described above, associated with the`enclosure' have been ploughed level. [3-4]

The southeast corner has been hollowed out so that it is about 30 centimetres lower than the main part of the bank. May possibly be a moated enclosure. [8]

The bank length is approximately 135 metres amd the height internally is from 0.5 metres to 0.9 metres. Externally the height of the bank is up to 1.8 metres. There is a hedge to the west. [9]

"Enclosure" is printed on the Ordnance Survey 1:10,000 map. [10]

In private ownership. [11]

<1> Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comments, F1 Pitcher, G. H. 16/08/1965 (Unpublished document). SMO5103.

<2> Department of the Environment (IAM), 1978, List of Ancient Monuments of England and Wales 1978, P. 123 (Index). SEM7732.

<3> Various, Various, Vertical Aerial Photograph, RAF 540/860 4040-1. 02/10/1952 (Aerial photograph). SMO4068.

<4> Various, Various, Vertical Aerial Photograph, RAF 543/2821 274-5. 27/04/1964 (Aerial photograph). SMO4068.

<5> RCHME: Brendon Hills Mapping Project, SS92NW (Collection). SMO6669.



<8> SMR file 33368 (Unassigned). SSO490.

<9> Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission, Field Monument Warden Report (Report). SSO1247.

<10> Ordnance Survey, 1976, 1:10,000 SS92NW (Map). SSO1448.

<11> Somerset County Council, Various, Somerset HER parish files - Exmoor records (Unpublished document). SSO1.

<12> Western Archaeological Trust, 1980s, Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey, 9427 (Survey). SSO708.

<13> 1971, HSL.UK.71-177 Run 93, 8716 (Aerial photograph). SSO256.

<14> Adkins, L. + Adkins, R.A., 1993, Wimbleball Pumped Storage, Haddeo Route: Archaeological Assessment (Report). SEM7819.

Other References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MMO192
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11071
  • Local List Status (No)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 92 NW11
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36552
  • Scheduled Monument (County Number): SO 343
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33368
Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2015 2:09PM


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