Historic Environment Record images

MMO213 - Deserted medieval farmstead on western side of Bramble Combe

ENPHER Number:MMO213
Name:Deserted medieval farmstead on western side of Bramble Combe
Type of Record:Monument
Grid Reference:SS 9441 4785
Parish:MINEHEAD WITHOUT, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

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Summary

The farmstead is visible as structures and earthworks comprising a two-celled structure on a split level with another building platform beyond. It is associated with field system MSO7627.

Monument Types

  • FARMSTEAD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Possible))

Designated Status: none recorded

Description

SS 944 479. Earthworks of a deserted farmstead on North Hill were discovered by Betty Osborn. Two or three buildings seem to be represented within an enclosure and fields next to a holloway. [1,9]

A deserted medieval farmstead on the western side of Bramble Combe at SS 94419 47905.
The site occupies a sheltered position at the head of the combe and comprises a two-celled structure on a split level, measuring 22 metres by 5 metres. On its southeastern side are miscellaneous scarps and levelled areas which appear to represent small yards between the main building and a deep natural gulley beyond. A further building platform measuring 10 metres by 5 metres lies to the northeast.
The farmstead lies within a field system (MSO7627), and was formerly approached through these fields from the south, where the head of the natural gulley seems to have exploited a hollow way leading to the farmstead.
Surveyed at 1:500 scale as part of RCHME's survey and report on the Exmoor National Park holding on North Hill. [2,3]

The deserted farmstead above [1-3] is visible as earthworks on aerial photographs. The site is centred at SS 9441 4790 and covers an area that measures 36m long by 14m wide at its widest points. One building platform can be seen as a levelled terrace. A possible hollow way follows the line of a field boundary bank and extends south of the deserted farmstead from SS 9441 4787 to SS 9440 4778. [6]

Well preserved medieval farmstead building, associated with field enclosures to the west. Consists of at least two buildings lying on the west side of the deeply incised west fork of Bramble Combe. Sheltered situation with steep slope up to the west, but easier access from the southwest. The south building is a 2-cell structure (?longhouse) with entrance on east side of the southern half. The west building is one roomed and less well preserved. Other buildings also in the vicinity. [8]

Called The Yarde. Occupied c1279 by Johns de la Yarde with wife and 3 other tenants, 12 acres in extent. Farm in decline by 1487. Situated at SS 945 480. Longhouses at SS 9446 4796 - 29 metres by 6 metres and 13 metres apart. More buildings at SS 9436 4794. [9]


<1> Aston, M, 1982-3, Deserted Farmsteads on Exmoor, p 96: (M Aston) (Article in serial). SMO7225.


<2> Wilson-North, R., Field Investigators Comments, RCHME Field Investigation, 9 December 1997 (Unpublished document). SMO7329.


<3> Riley, H. + Wilson-North, R., 1997, The Field Archaeology of North Hill: An Archaeological Survey of the Exmoor National Park Holding (Report). SMO5780.


<4> Bramble Combe/ink survey (Survey). SMO5772.


<5> Riley, H. + Wilson-North, R., 1997, The Field Archaeology of North Hill: An Archaeological Survey of the Exmoor National Park Holding (Report). SMO5780.


<6> Oblique Aerial Photograph, NMR SS 9447/2/164-195 (SF1459) (1 May 1979) (Aerial photograph). SMO4069.


<7> Severn Estuary Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment: SS 94 NW (Archive). SMO7542.


<8> Dennison, E SMRO, April 1984, Untitled Source (Unassigned). SSO908.


<9> Osborn, B., 1983, Parish Surveys. No 5: Minehead Without, 25-26 (Article in serial). SSO1777.


<10> Western Archaeological Trust, 1980s, Exmoor Aerial Photograph Survey, 9447, 9448 (Survey). SSO708.


<11> September 19, HSL.UK.71-177 Run 35, 8472 (Aerial photograph). SSO244.

Related records

MSO7627Parent of: Medieval field system on North Hill (Monument)

Other References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11444
  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO7584
  • Local List Status (Candidate)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 NW27
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 36840
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 33818
Date Last Edited:Jul 25 2016 8:35AM

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