Historic Environment Record images

MSO12106 - Castle Mill Bridge, Mill Lane, Dunster

ENPHER Number:MSO12106
Name:Castle Mill Bridge, Mill Lane, Dunster
Type of Record:Building
Grid Reference:SS 9916 4333
Parish:DUNSTER, WEST SOMERSET, SOMERSET

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Summary

A mid to late 18th Century bridge, built by HF Luttrell to replace a medieval bridge over the River Avill.

Monument Types

  • BRIDGE (AD 18th Century to Modern - 1750 AD? to 2050 AD (Unclassified))

Designated Status

  • Listed Building (II) 1057620: CASTLE MILL BRIDGE
  • Conservation Area: Dunster Conservation Area

Description

Mid/late 18th century; picturesque bridge built by HF Luttrell (of Dunster Castle) to replace medieval mill bridge over River Avill. Brick and stone. Two pointed arches. Low brick parapet south side. Parapet to north side raised but damaged. Rock faced rusticated voussoirs. [1]

English Heritage Listed Building Number: 264701. First Listed on 04/08/1983. [2]

An eighteenth century bridge spanning the River Avill in the grounds of Dunster Castle lies at SS 9916 4333, 200m upstream from the Palladian bridge (SS 94 SE 103). The bridge is built in a "rustic" style, designed to be viewed from the north. The double-arched span curves over the river, and a waterfall and island have been created downstream. The bridge is built of local stone with a brick capping. A brick seat is built into the parapet. The northern side is faced with undressed stone and pebbles to create a rustic effect; the southern face is plain. The bridge takes a footpath over the river and out of the Castle grounds towards the Deer Park. It was designed by Richard Phelps, and is part of the 18th century enhancement of the grounds of Dunster Castle, for H F Luttrell. [3, 4]

The 2002 Conservation Area Character Assessment states that "at the end of Mill Lane within the grounds of Dunster Park is a mid-late 18th century river bridge built by the Luttrells “to replace a medieval mill bridge over the River Avill.”. It is in a picturesque style built of brick and stone with parapets, two pointed arches with rock-faced rusticated voussoirs." [5]

The building was visited in April 2012 as part of the rapid condition survey of Exmoor's Listed Buildings 2012-13. It received a BAR score of 5A. [6]


<1> 4/8/1983, Twenty-fifth List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. District of West Somerset (Somerset) (Index). SSO691.


<2> Webster CJ, Historic Environment Record, 2005, Staff Comments, Somerset County Council (Unassigned). SSO2013.


<3> 1/6/1998, SS94SE Site visit, 104 (Map). SSO653.


<4> Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, Field Investigators Comment, Riley H 1998 RCHME Field Investigation (Unpublished document). SMO5111.


<5> Fisher, J., 2002, Dunster Conservation Area Character Appraisal, p23 (Unpublished document). SEM7910.


<6> Lawrence, G., 2014, Exmoor National Park: Rapid condition survey of listed buildings 2012-13 (Report). SEM8060.

Related records

MSO11231Part of: Dunster New Park, Dunster (Monument)

Related Pages

Other References

  • 2012-3 Building At Risk Score (6): 26/4/69
  • Local List Status (Unassessed)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 94 SE104
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • National Trust HER Record
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1145573
  • Somerset SMR PRN: 34969
Date Last Edited:May 27 2014 2:54PM

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