Historic Environment Record images

MSO7475 - Bearland Wood Iron Mine

ENPHER Number:MSO7475
Name:Bearland Wood Iron Mine
Type of Record:Monument
Grid Reference:SS 974 358

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Bearland Wood Iron Mine was worked by the Brendon Hills Iron Ore Company from 1854, after successful trials. It was closed in 1883.

Monument Types

  • IRONSTONE MINE (AD 19th Century - 1854 AD to 1883 AD (Unclassified))
  • WORKERS COTTAGE (AD 19th Century to Modern - 1854 AD to 2050 AD (Unclassified))

Designated Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1020189: Ironstone mine ventilation flue in Chargot Wood, 1150m south west of Langham Farm


This disused mine was one of the Brendon Hills Iron Ore Company works. Work was started here in 1854 after successful trials. It was closed in the 1880s. The shafts are still visible as earthworks. The mine also had two associated cottages which are still extant. [1-4]

The site was one of the Brendon Hills Iron Ore mines. Work started in 1854 after initial research in the 1830s at SS 9747 3575 (Trial pit). New adits sunk to the northwest (SS 9740 3585 and SS 9742 3581) which were very successful. 12,000 tons of brown haematite were brought out and carried to Lanham Hill Mine (MSO7476) by a temporary incline worked by horse whims. The mine was closed in the 1880s. The mine also has two cottages for workers. [2]

Other remains include air shaft with chimney (SS 9732 3578). [3]

"Pit (disused)" printed on Ordnance Survey Archaeological Division 6 inch map. [6]

The ventilation chimney was scheduled on 28 August 2001. [8]

<1> Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1962, 6" SS93NE (Map). SSO1627.

<2> Sellick, R., 1970, The West Somerset Mineral Railway and the Story of the Brendon Hills Iron Mines, P. 28,40-41,61 (Monograph). SMO5787.

<3> Bryant T.C, 1980, The Hollow Hills of Brendon, P. 5 (Monograph). SSO815.

<4> Various, Various, Oral Information or Staff Comments, E Dennison, SCPD 2 September 1986 (Verbal communication). SMO5308.

<5> Coate, S., The Brendon Hills Iron Industry, P. 5 (Report). SEM7045.

<6> Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1935, 6" SS93NE (Map). SSO1625.

<7> HBC 3.003.-1 1:2500 (Technical drawing). SSO215.

<8> English Heritage, 26/9/2001, English Heritage to Somerset County Council (Unpublished document). SSO1148.

Related records

MEM15305Parent of: Adit no 1 at Bearland Wood Iron Mine (Monument)
MEM15306Parent of: Adit no 2 at Bearland Wood Iron Mine (Monument)
MEM15332Parent of: Bearland Wood Ironstone Mine Ventilation Flue (Monument)
MEM15353Parent of: Incline, Langham Hill (Monument)
MEM15352Parent of: Lethbridge's Smelting Furnace (Monument)
MSO7476Related to: Langham Hill Pit (Monument)

Related Pages

Other References

  • Exmoor National Park HER Number (now deleted): MSO11387
  • Local List Status (No)
  • National Monuments Record reference: SS 93 NE58
  • National Park: Exmoor National Park
  • Pastscape HOBID (was Monarch UID): 1128076
  • Somerset SMR PRN (Somerset): 33743
Date Last Edited:Jan 13 2016 10:35AM


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